YEMEN: Timeline since signing of power transfer deal

20/2/2012 -

YEMEN: Timeline since signing of power transfer deal

Source: IRIN

Since the signing of a power transfer deal sponsored by Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in November, Yemen has seen further protests and violence, and some key players, like the Houthi-led Shia rebels in the north, oppose tomorrows presidential election. IRIN surveys the main events of the past two months.

23 November 2012: President Ali Abdullah Saleh signs GCC-brokered deal, under which he leaves power on 21 February 2012 in exchange for legal immunity from prosecution.

25 November: Tens of thousands of protesters rally in Sanaa and 17 main cities on the so-called Friday of Ongoing Revolution. They oppose immunity for Saleh and his aides.

10 December: A 34-member coalition cabinet sworn in (17 members from Salehs party and 17 from the opposition Joint Meeting Parties)

15-20 December: Mass protests by staff at dozens of government and military institutions call for the replacement of top officials who are members of Salehs party.

18 December: A demilitarization committee, made up of 14 senior officers from pro-government and defected army units, begins removing sandbags, roadblocks and checkpoints in Sanaa.

23 December: Fourteen protesters killed in clashes with police as a March of Life arrives in Sanaa after a five-day, 250km, walk from Taiz city. They oppose the GCC deal.

25 December: Thousands of Southern Movement (SM) supporters take to the streets of Aden; dozens burn voting IDs to signal their intention of boycotting the presidential election.

29 December: Saleh meets senior members of his party, instructing them how to deal with mass staff protests in several government institutions.

30 December: Salehs supporters resume Friday rallies in Sabeen square under the slogan We return since you dont cease (a reference to demands for Salehs prosecution).

4 January 2012: Defected Maj-Gen Ali Mohsen Saleh escapes assassination attempt in Sanaa.

6 January: Vice-President Hadi threatens to leave Yemen after senior members of Salehs party accuse him of defying Salehs authority - even calling him a traitor.

8 January: Cabinet proposes draft immunity-from-prosecution legislation for Saleh and his aides, presents it to parliament.

10 January: Draft immunity legislation opposed by some MPs. Anti immunity bill March of Dignity arrives in Sanaa after a five-day, 240km, walk from Sadah.

11 January: Demilitarization Committee gives 48-hour deadline for gunmen loyal to Sheikh Sadeq al-Ahmar to leave Sanaa.

12 January: At least 26 killed and dozens injured in clashes between fighters from a Sunni Salafi Islamist group and Houthi-led Shia rebels in Hajour area, south of Sadah city.

13 January: Seven killed and more than 25 injured in clashes between SM and police in the southern port city of Aden.

14 January: Hadi refuses to submit his nomination credentials for the elections until defected army units remove their checkpoints in northwestern Sanaa.

15 January: Armed tribesmen kidnap a Norwegian UN official in Sanaa, demand release of a jailed tribal leader.

16 January: Islamic militants overrun Radaa city, Beidha Governorate, kill three policemen and release 400 militants from the central prison.

20 January: At least five killed in clashes between Islamist militants and civilians in Radaa city.

21 January: Parliament passes Immunity Law and approves nomination of Hadi as the sole presidential candidate. Thousands of young protesters in Sanaa take to the streets in protest against the new law.

22 January: Saleh leaves Sanaa for Oman, prior to going to the USA for medical treatment, says he will return to Yemen for Hadis inauguration after the election.

23 January: Thousands of members of the Air Force in Sanaa and Taiz begin protests against their commander Gen Mohammed Saleh al-Ahmar, a half brother of Saleh, demanding his replacement.

24 January: Some 46 armed men killed and dozens injured in clashes between Houthi-led Shia rebels and tribesmen in Hajjah Governorate.

27 January: Tens of thousands protest in Sanaa and other main cities against Salehs immunity.

28 January: Pro-SM gunmen burn down branch office of the Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendum (SCER) in Dhalea Governorate.

29 January: SCER begins training election management committees in governorates.

31 January: Information Minister Ahmad al-Amrani escapes assassination attempt in front of Cabinet building. I dont know why they fired a barrage of bullets at my car. I have no personal feuds with anyone, he said.

3 February: More than 30 injured in Aden in clashes between election supporters and opponents.

5 February: Fifty-five killed in clashes between Houthi-led Shia rebels and Sunni Salafi members in Ahim District, Hajjah Governorate. Six killed in clashes between policemen and SM supporters in the governorates of Dhalea and Hadhramaut.

7 February: Hadi launches his electoral campaign in Sanaa. The situation in Sanaa and other main cities is still complicated, but we have to proceed with elections to save Yemen from conflicts, he said.

8 February: At least eight inmates killed and several others, including policemen, injured in clashes with police in Dhamar Governorates central prison.

9 February: Two killed and more than 10 injured when gunmen attack SCER office in Dhalea Governorate.

10 February: Hundreds of thousands protest in Sanaa and 14 main cities on what they call the Friday of Completing all Goals of Revolution.

11 February: Some 18 Houthi fighters killed in an ambush by tribesmen loyal to Sunni Salafis in the Jarabi and Hazah areas, Hajjah Governorate.

12 February: SCER deploys election management committees in the governorates. Saleh gives televised speech from New York calling on his party supporters to take part in the elections.

14 February: A suicide bomber blows himself up in front of an SCER office in Aden Governorate, leading Hadi to cancel campaign rallies in southern cities.

15 February: Houthi gunmen storm office of Islamist Islah Party in Sadah, tear down all pictures of Hadi in the city, and prevent any officials from putting up electoral posters.

16 February: Head of SCER regional office, five staff members and a Republican Guard commander killed in an ambush by gunmen in Beidha Governorate. One killed and another 20 injured in clashes between SM members and election supporters in the eastern city of Mukalla.

17 February: Hundreds of thousands of protesters rally in Sanaa and other main cities on the so-called Friday of Your Vote is a Gain for the Revolution, declaring their support for Hadi.

19 February: Interior and defence ministries deploy 103,000 officers and soldiers, especially in southern governorates, to safeguard the electoral process.

20 February: One soldier killed, five injured in attack on a SCER office in Khor Maksar District, Aden Governorate. Citizens force election officials to leave two other offices in the governorate.